Main Conent

Further Resources


Whatever Happened to Polio? NMAH exhibition

HIV and AIDS 30 Years Ago,  NMAH exhibition

The Lives They Left Behind, Willard Hospital suitcase exhibition

Disability History Museum, a library of documents and other materials

Museum of disAbility History, timeline and other resources from the University of Buffalo

Family Village, Disability Culture, compilation of links related to disability

Bancroft Library (University of California, Berkeley), oral histories and other materials on disability rights

University of Toledo, finding aids and other information on their archival collections

Society for Disability Studies, the main professional organization for the study of disability across disciplines


Further reading

Buchanan, Robert. Illusions of Equality: Deaf Americans in School and Factory, 1850-1950 (Washington, D.C.: Gallaudet University Press,1999).

Burch, Susan, and Hannah Joyner. Unspeakable: The Story of Junius Wilson (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2007).

Carey, Allison C. On the Margins of Citizenship: Intellectual Disability and Civil Rights in Twentieth-Century America (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2009).

Gannon, Jack. The Week the World Heard Gallaudet (Washington, D.C.: Gallaudet University Press, 1989).

Gerber, David ed., with Bruce Elliott and Suzanne Sinke. Disabled Veterans in History  (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 2000).

Kline, Wendy. Building a Better Race: Gender, Sexuality, and Eugenics from the Turn of the Century to the Baby Boom (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2005).

Lombardo, Paul. Three Generations, No Imbeciles: Eugenics, the Supreme Court, and Buck v. Bell (Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2010).

Longmore, Paul. Why I Burned My Book and Other Essays on Disability (Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2003).

Nielsen, Kim. A Disability History of the United States (Boston: Beacon Press, 2012).

Ott, Katherine, David Serlin, and Stephen Mihm, eds. Artificial Parts and Practical Lives: Modern Histories of Prosthetics (New York: New York University Press, 2002).

Pelka, Fred. What We Have Done: An Oral History of the Disability Rights Movement (Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 2012).

Rembis, Michael. Defining Deviance: Sex, Science, and Delinquent Girls, 1890-1960 (Champaign: University of Illinois Press, 2011).

Schweik, Susan. The Ugly Laws: Disability in Public (New York: New York University Press, 2010).

Sinclair, Jim. “Don’t Mourn for Us,” in Our Voice (newsletter of Autism Network International) v. #1, no. 3 (1993).

Trent, James. Inventing the Feeble Mind: A History of Mental Retardation in the United States (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1995).

Van Cleve, John Vickrey. A Place of their Own: Creating the Deaf Community in America (Washington, D.C.: Gallaudet University Press, 1989).

Whitaker, Robert. Mad in America: Bad Science, Bad Medicine, and the Enduring Mistreatment of the Mentally Ill (New York: Basic Books, 2010).



Q.What does the ADA cover?

A: The Americans with Disabilities Act (Public Law 101-336) has five titles (a title is a discrete part of a larger document), each of which defines and prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability within a specific arena:

  • Title I - Employment
  • Title II - Public Services
    • Subtitle A covers state and local governments generally;
    • Subtitle B applies to most public transportation systems
  • Title III - Public Accommodations and Services (including transportation) Operated by Private Entities
  • Title IV - Telecommunications
  • Title V - Miscellaneous Provisions

Strictly speaking, the titles refer to the divisions within the statute itself. However, they have come to be used as a shorthand way of discriminating between the ADA obligations of public (title II) and private (title III) entities.

The ADA generally exempts religious entities and private clubs from coverage (note that individual state or local regulations may nevertheless require accessible design in such facilities).